Thoughts about Farmer Power and Development Bureaucrats

What is the relationships between the subsistence farmers and the bureaucrats of the World Bank, USAID, DFID, JICA, and the host of government-sponsored development aid projects?  Such projects are sponsored by clever, well-educated, powerful, and wealthy people.  And yet they often fail—and the clever powerful people turn around and blame the subsistence farmer.

But I do not think that this is the whole story.  The broader question is how do the impoverished farmers manage to frustrate the smart rich people who have degrees so consistently?  One of my favorite postings here at js Farmer Power: The Continuing Confrontation between Subsistence Farmers and Development Bureaucrats.  The first part of the title of course is a tip of the hat to a chapter in Jared Diamond’s Guns, Germs, and Steel, though I do not share all of his enthusiasm for the capacities of well-educated people.  The second part of the title is a reference to my book The Persistence of Subsistence Agriculture: Life beneath the Level of the Marketplace (2007).

Anyway, this is one of my favorite postings at, and I of course hope that man people working in development aid programs will read it, and perhaps go forward with a better idea of how difficult the job they are undertaking is.  Certainly, that is the conclusion I have reached after having worked for about 10 years in Tanzania and Thailand in relief and development programs—years which, despite it all, I am still quite proud of!